“The life of the mystic, the shaman, the artist, the seeker of truth, is ONE that is riding the edge between being genius and insane. It all depends on the energy and the eyes that surround us, as some of the most brilliant minds have fallen into the darkness of insanity due to their…
Shamanism in Siberia
Northern Asia, particularly Siberia, is regarded as the locus classicus of shamanism. It is inhabited by a variety of ethnic groups, many of whom observe shamanistic practices even in modern times. Many classical ethnographic sources of “shamanism” were recorded among Siberian peoples.
These cultures are far from being alike. The same applies for their shamanistic beliefs and practice.
Terms for ‘shaman’ and ‘shamaness’ in Siberian languages
- ‘shaman’: saman (Nedigal, Nanay, Ulcha, Orok), sama (Manchu). The variant /šaman/ (i.e., pronounced “shaman”) is Evenk (whence it was borrowed into Russian): this Evenk pronunciation may have had its origin in ṣāman ‘name of Sāman (in Lāṭyāyana Śrauta Sūtra)'”
- ‘shaman’: alman, olman, wolmen (Yukagir)
- ‘shaman’: [qam] (Tatar, Shor, Oyrat), [xam] (Tuva, Tofalar) – these are related to Japanese kami ‘god’ and to Nanay qömio ‘helping spirit’
- ‘shamaness’: itako (Japanese), [iduɣan] (Mongol), [udaɣan] (Yakut), udagan (Buryat), udugan (Evenki, Lamut), odogan (Nedigal)
Siberian shamans’ spirit-journeys (re-acting their dreams wherein they had rescued the soul of the client) were conducted in, e.g., Oroch, Altai, and Nganasan healing séances.
As mentioned above, shamanistic practice shows great diversity, even if restricted to Siberia. In some cultures, the music or song related to shamanistic practice may intend to mimic natural sounds, sometimes with onomatopoiea.
This holds e. g. for shamanism among Sami groups. Although the Sami groups live outside of Siberia, many of their shamanistic beliefs and practice shared important features with those of some Siberian cultures. The Yoiks of the Sami were sung on shamanistic rites. Recently, yoiks are sung in two different styles, one of these are sung only by young people. But the traditional one may be the other, the “mumbling” style, resembling to magic spells. Several surprising characteristics of yoiks can be explained by comparing the music ideals, as observed in yoiks and contrasted to music ideals of other cultures. Some yoiks intend to mimic natural sounds. This can be contrasted to bel canto, which intends to exploit human speech organs on the highest level to achieve an almost “superhuman” sound.
The intention to mimic natural sounds is present in some Siberian cultures as well: overtone singing, and also shamanic songs of some cultures can be examples.
- In a Soyot shamanic song, sounds of bird and wolf are imitated to represent helping spirits of the shaman.
- The seance of Nganasan shamans were accompanied by women imitating the sounds of the reindeer calf, (thought to provide fertility for those women). In 1931, A. Popov observed the Nganasan shaman Dyukhade Kosterkin imitating the sound of polar bear: the shaman was believed to have transformed into polar bear.
The intention to mimic natural sounds is not restricted to Siberian cultures. And it is not necessarily linked to shamanistic beliefs or practices. See for example katajjaq, a game played by women, an example of music of some Inuit groups. This applies overtone singing, and in some cases, sounds of nature (mostly those of animals, e.g. geese) is imitated. Imitation of animal sounds can serve also such practical reasons like luring game in hunt.
The World is What You Think It Is
Positive thoughts attract positive people and events, and negative thoughts attract negative people and events.
Corollary: Everything is a dream
Dreams are real and reality is a dream. The only test we use for a reality check is whether or not someone else experiences it. Hallucination means “your dream doesn’t match my dream.” “Reality” to a shaman is a mass hallucination, or a shared dream. If this life is a dream and if we can wake up fully within it, then we can change the dream by changing our dreaming.
Corollary: All systems are arbitrary
All meanings are made up and the Absolute Truth is whatever you decide it is. What matters is how well the system works for you, not how true it is (which is an arbitrary concept).
There are No Limits
We experience two kinds of limitations: creative and filtered.
Creative limitation assumes the purposeful establishment of limits within an infinite universe in order to create particular experiences, made by God or our own Higher Selves. These enable us to experience life as humans on Earth (to play by that particular set of rules – breaking the rules changes to another game).
Filtered limitations are imposed by ideas and beliefs that inhibit creativity rather than enhance it, like beliefs that engender hopelessness, helplessness, revenge and cruelty. They generate focus without the potential for positive action.
Corollary: Everything is connected
The usual metaphor is a web of interdependence.
Corollary: Anything is possible
All you have to do is believe. However, because you are not alone in the Universe, the degree to which something can be shared depends on the beliefs of others around you.
Corollary: Separation is a useful illusion
Pure empathy makes you as helpless as the one suffering. Fear make you lose sight of your role as dreamweaver.
Energy Flows Where Attention Goes
Meditation and hypnosis are simply different techniques for doing the same thing – refocusing your attention toward more positive beliefs and expectations. As states, both are identical conditions of sustained focused attention.
Those aspects of your present experience which seem enduring are the effect of habitual sustained focused attention carried on by your subconscious.
Corollary: Attention goes where energy flows
Attention is attracted to all kinds of high energy intensity.
Corollary: Everything is energy
Thought is energy and one kind of energy can be converted into another kind of energy.
Now is the Moment of Power
Karma exists and operates only in the present moment. It is your beliefs, decisions, and actions today about yourself and the world around you that give you what you have and make you what you are.
Thanks to memory we may carry over habits of body and mind from day to day, but each day is a new creation and any habit can be changed at any present moment – even if it isn’t easy.
You select out of the immense resources of your gene pool those characteristics that best reflect your present beliefs and intentions. Your parents/social background have nothing to do with your present, but what you believe about them now and how you react to those beliefs does.
Corollary: Everything is relative
You define “now” based on your focus (second, hour, year, lifetime).
Corollary: Power increases with sensory attention
Many people living today aren’t even here – most of their attention is focused on the past or the future. To the degree they diminish their awareness of the present moment, their power and effectiveness in the present also decreases.
To Love is to Be Happy With
Love exists to the degree that you are happy with the object of your love. The unhappy part comes from fear, anger and doubt. To be deeply in love means to be deeply connected, and the depth and clarity of the connection increases as fear, anger and doubt are removed.
Corollary: Love increases as judgment decreases
Criticism kills relationships; praise builds and rebuilds them. When you give praise you reinforce the good and it grows. When you criticize you reinforce the bad and it grows.
Corollary: Everything is alive, aware and responsive
You subconscious takes any praise or criticisms it hears to heart, even if it’s directed elsewhere, even if you’re saying it. Each criticism separates you from and decreases your awareness of what you criticize, until you end up responding to a secondary creation of your own that may no longer resemble the original. When someone criticizes you, praise yourself to counteract it.
All Power Comes From Within
For every event that you experience you creatively attract it through your beliefs, desires, fears and expectations, and then react to it habitually or respond to it consciously. This does not mean that you are to blame for your abuse or injury, because you were probably not conscious of your negative beliefs, attitudes and expectations. It also does not mean the other person is innocent.
Corollary: Everything has power
You do not have ALL the power in the world – everyone has the same power. The good news – you can work with these powers.
Corollary: Power comes from authority
Confident authority is the key to conscious creation.
Effectiveness is the Measure of Truth
The means determine the end, not the ends justify the means. What is really important is what works.
Corollary: There is always another way to do anything
Every problem has more than one solution. If the goal is important, you should never give up, just change your approach.